When it comes to choosing the right battery for your application, you likely have a list of conditions you need to fulfill like how much voltage is needed, what is the capacity requirement, cyclic or standby, etc.
Once you have the specifics narrowed down the requirement to buy a battery it’s time to consider several factors before choosing battery chemistry, as every type of battery has strengths and weaknesses.
The lead-acid battery has been a blessing in electrical engineering. The SLA battery has revolutionized the power industry and brought forth efficiency that cannot be imagined in any other way. Since its inception, it is still in use. Your office desktop uses it, your power utility provider uses it and everyone benefits from it. However, nobody should try to short the terminals of a battery with a metallic object.
Factors to consider in selecting a battery
You need a battery that can serve you well. The device comes in all sizes, shapes, and colors. To get the perfect one consider the following;
Voltage- Voltage is determined by the number of cells. A cell usually has a 2.1V output and most batteries have 6 cells. The most common voltage rating is 12V. There is also one with double the voltage rating i.e. 24V. As the need felt, today one can find batteries with ratings of 3V, 6V, 9V, and 18V. The voltage requirement of the buyer may not provide a single battery with such input, in this case, the configuration is made to gain the right voltage. Series, parallel, or a hybrid of the two is employed.
Capacity- This is delivered in terms of ampere-hours. The lesser the current drawn from a battery, the more time it will take to discharge; the opposite is equally factual.
Technology– there is rechargeable versus non-rechargeable, liquid versus gel, lithium-ion technology, design of terminals, size and shape for various needs of users.
Purpose- SLA batteries are used in solar panels, automobiles, uninterrupted power supply, electronic devices, or big machines. The place of installation should be considered too.
Maintaining an SLA battery
One potential shortcoming of a sealed lead-acid battery is that due to the incapacity to maintain the battery, it may not perform at optimum levels as its flooded counterpart.
Most of the problems can be reduced by proper handling and battery life can be lengthened. To keep lead acid in useful condition, apply a fully saturated charge lasting 14 to 16 hours. If the charge cycle does not qualify this, give the SLA battery a fully saturated charge once every few weeks. If possible, operate at a sensible temperature and avoid deep discharges; charge as often as you can.
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